Rice is the staple food of odisha. In Odisha more women are involved in rice cultivation than in any other livelihood activity. They produce not only food and income but contribute to global food stoke. Growing rice with traditional process is very difficult task with lots of hard work.
Irrigation and Cultural Practices for rice Production in Mitrapur, Balasore,Odisha. The story was capture from my own village where majority people depends on farming for their livelihood. The people of my village are very hard working and self dependent and still they practice the tradition agriculture.
The growth cycle of rice is between 3 months to 6 months depends on varieties.The various steps in rice cultivation include seed selection, seed-bed and land preparation, transplanting, weeding, fertilizing, pest management, harvesting, threshing, drying and marketing. The first things is to choose quality seeds and than comes the land preparation. Land preparation involves plowing and harrowing to ‘till’ or dig-up, mix and level the soil. Then comes the transplanting. It is the most popular plant establishment technique across Asia. Pre- germinated seedlings are transferred from a seedbed to the wet field. It requires less seed and is an effective method to control weeds, but requires more labor. Seedlings may be transplanted by hand in traditional method. Manual weeding by hand is an efficient method for weed control. However, this is labor intensive. Soil test is not possible, most of the rural place in Odisha People apply fertilizer based on local recommendation. The final stage of the rice production is harvesting. Manual harvesting is common across Asia It involves cutting the rice crop with simple hand tools like sickles and knives. Manual harvesting is very effective when a crop has lodged or fallen over, however it is labor intensive. Manual harvesting requires 40 to 80 hours per hectare and it takes additional labor to manually collect and haul the harvested crop.
The main problem for rice production is uncertainty of rain and lack of rain which forced the farmers to attempt suicide. Every year many farmers commit suicide because of this. The government of Odisha trying its best to overcome with this problem.